ERIC Number: ED464780
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Community Programs and Women's Participation: The Chinese Experience. Working Paper.
Coady, David; Dai, Xinyi; Wang, Limin
A community development program in rural China aimed to enhance women's economic and social opportunities as a means of lowering fertility rates. The program involved agricultural seminars and extension services, organized cultural and entertainment activities, and political meetings. Village leaders took part in seminars on community development, women's participation, and their impact on women's fertility attitudes. Women were given priority access to agricultural extension services supported by local government, including information, training, and technical assistance related to farming techniques and various economically productive activities. Funds for setting up village libraries, reading rooms, and social and entertainment facilities came from village taxes or general funds. The program was implemented in 1993 across 17 of China's 28 provinces. This paper examines the program's social and economic impact, drawing on a detailed 1996 household survey conducted in 38 participating and 19 nonparticipating villages. The program substantially increased women's economic and social participation and household income. However, income gains accrued only to participants, and partly at the expense of nonparticipants. The program also produced broader social benefits, having significant positive influences on gender and fertility attitudes and on expenditures for children's education. The findings support the view that effectively implemented gender-focused interventions can have substantial social benefits when supported by the necessary legal and institutional framework. (Contains 54 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Community Development, Community Programs, Family Income, Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Extension, Rural Women, Sex Bias, Social Attitudes, Social Capital, Womens Education
For full text: http://econ.worldbank.org/view.php?topic=22&type=5&id=2227.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: China