ERIC Number: ED464541
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Higher Education in Brazil: Challenges and Options. A World Bank Country Study.
World Bank, Washington, DC.
Data from a variety of sources are used to describe the system of higher education in Brazil. Brazil has put significant resources into developing its system of higher education over the last decade, and a system has developed in which some institutions have achieved recognizable excellence while others struggle to provide relevant, quality education at a reasonable cost. Taken as a whole, the system has a number of problems to overcome. About 15% of the age cohort is enrolled in higher education, a figure that is quite low compared to other countries in the region. Cost per student in public institutions is on a par with countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, but educational quality is not, and access to education is limited in many regions. Until recently, federal policy toward higher education did not attempt to control costs or correlate funding to productivity. In general, the quality of instruction and the relevance of the curriculum are below desirable standards. The government has a three-pronged strategy that involves changing the legal framework for the higher education sector, changing the funding system for higher education, and improving the evaluation of performance by the sector and institutions. Many important changes to higher education are underway in Brazil, and the challenge is to focus attention on those that will promote the greatest progress in equitable access, quality, relevance, and efficiency. Six annexes (appendixes) contain reports and essays on Brazilian higher education, and there is an annotated bibliography of 14 sources. (Contains 17 tables, 12 graphs, and 4 boxes.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Costs, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Educational Quality, Enrollment, Equal Education, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, Program Evaluation
World Bank Publications, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. Tel: 800-645-7247 (Toll Free); Tel: 202-473-1000; Web site: http://www.worldbank.org/.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Brazil