ERIC Number: ED464504
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Minority Languages in the United States, with a Focus on Spanish in California.
Macias, Reynaldo F.
This paper provides a comparative perspective on a language minority group in the United States, offering insights into the development of language policies for a new, developing multicultural Europe. It begins with background information that frames the current policies and cultural debates about Spanish, and to a lesser degree other non-English languages, in California and the United States. It describes language demography, discusses school enrollment trends among minority and immigrant language speakers, and notes the official status of languages in the United States, explaining that even though there is not an official, national, or constitutional U.S. language, English is the single language of government. The paper discusses language debates in the United States in the 1980s and beyond and concludes by explaining that the language politics in California in the last 2 decades has challenged and shifted the principles around which educational policy was built. There was a definite cultural policy backlash against immigrants and language minorities during the last decade of the millennium. It may require a substantial shift in political representation by language minorities for the interests of minorities to be reflected in law and educational policies. (Contains 8 tables and 13 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California