ERIC Number: ED464501
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Vowel Quality and Consonant Voicing: The Production of English Vowels and Final Stops by Korean Speakers of English.
Texas Papers in Foreign Language Education, v6 n1 p133-146 Fall 2001
This study examined the quality of three English vowels and their Korean counterpart vowels by measuring F1/F2 frequencies and investigating how the different vowel qualities influenced consonant voicing. Participants were six native speakers (NS) of English and six NS of Korean who were graduate students at a large U.S. university. F1/F2 frequencies of vowels produced by the subjects were measured on spectrograms in a speech analyzer, and the accuracy of their vowels and final stops was determined by four English NS raters. The study did not conclusively show what effect different vowel qualities had on consonant voicing, because most of the Korean subjects failed to pronounce voiced stops accurately. However, F1/F2 frequencies of English vowels produced by Korean NSs were superimposed between native English and Korean vowels. This indicates that when Korean speakers produce English, they assimilate native English sounds. The Korean /a/ was much higher than the English /a/. The Korean and English /i/ were similar. The F1/F2 frequencies of Korean males' English vowels were different from their Korean counterparts and shifting toward native English. (Contains 28 references and 4 figures.) (SM)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Foreign Language Education Program.