ERIC Number: ED464426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
Making Standards Work: What School Administrators Can Do.
Lunenburg, Fred C.
Beginning in the mid-1980s, the "excellence movement" was launched. Although the reform movement is now more than a decade old, effective schools that produce high achievement for all students are still uncommon occurrences. The fact that some students master academic content whereas many others do not still cannot be accounted for. This paper examines the challenges and difficulties in implementing standards effectively in whole school systems. The analysis is developed in four parts, starting with a few ideas about why school improvement is so problematic. The case is made for the incompatibility between the structure of schools and the demands for school improvement. Two frameworks are used in the argument: Parsons's level of organization and Weick's loose coupling. A new leadership framework is then introduced, the purpose of which is to rebuild a new school structure, which may better accommodate the demands for school improvement. Finally, one state's successful experience with school improvement is discussed, which is compatible with the proposed new leadership structure. (Contains 115 references and 6 tables.) (RT)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A