ERIC Number: ED464368
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Phonemic Awareness and Phonics Instruction: Grades K-1. Alabama Reading Initiative.
Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.
This inservice professional development module, part of the Alabama Reading Initiative, presents research summaries, notes for presenters, and activities. The Phonemic Awareness and Phonics module clarifies that skilled readers are accurate and automatic decoders (i.e., they have the alphabetic principle). Phonics instruction must empower all learners to be both accurate and automatic. Accurate and automatic decoders are then able to become fluent readers whose minds are "free" to concentrate on building meaning. Any student who is not an accurate and automatic decoder and/or who does not spell well can benefit from phonics instruction. Sections of the module, and associated objectives, are: (1) "Phonological Awareness and Phonemic Awareness" (know how to develop phonological awareness in their students using instructional activities that are progressive and engaging; know how to recognize, count, segment, blend, and manipulate the phonemes of any English words; and know how to teach phonemic awareness to their students); (2) "Assessment of Phonemic Awareness and Decoding Skill" (know how to assess phonemic awareness and decoding skill and to use this information to guide instruction); (3) "Phonics Instruction and Decodable Texts" (how to provide systematic, explicit phonics instruction; how to teach blending; how to develop fluency in reading through use of decodable texts, extensive amounts of reading, multiple re-reading of printed material, and reading at independent and instructional levels; how to respond to oral reading errors in ways that are appropriate to the nature of the error, the purpose of that particular lesson, and the needs of the learner at the moment; how to recognize, secure, and use decodable texts; and how to integrate phonics instruction in the context of an integrated reading lesson format); and (4) "Teaching Spelling" (how to teach spelling in ways that enhance decoding, strengthen visual imagery, and give appropriate emphasis to spelling rules and patterns). Appendixes contain English phonemes and example words; advice on "making friends with phonemes"; phonological and phonemic awareness sample activities; practice activities for learning correspondences; activities to practice blending; commercial phonemic awareness resources; and a list of decodable text resources. (RS)
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Grade 1, Inservice Teacher Education, Kindergarten, Phonemic Awareness, Phonics, Primary Education, Professional Development, Reading Achievement, Reading Instruction, Reading Materials, Spelling Instruction, Student Evaluation, Teaching Methods
Alabama Reading Initiative, Alabama Department of Education, P.O. Box 302101, Montgomery AL 36130-2101. Tel: 334-353-1389. For full text: http://www.alsde.edu.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.