ERIC Number: ED464197
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
"Local Schools for Local Children" and the Role of Residence in Segregation. Measuring Markets: The Case of the ERA 1988. Occasional Paper.
Taylor, Chris; Gorard, Stephen
Through a historical picture of school allocation and residential change, and a detailed comparison of residential and school-based social segregation over time, this paper examines the relationship between residential differentiation and school segregation in the United Kingdom, describing the extent to which introduction of market principles, and the way schools and local education authorities (LEAs) have responded, have changed pre-existing between-school socioeconomic segregation. It also discusses whether school segregation is greater in areas with greater residential differentiation and notes how resulting disparities between school segregation levels and residential differentiation can be explained. Researchers used a segregation index, which computed the strict exchange proportion of disadvantaged students who would have to move between schools or districts in order for there to be no segregation by disadvantage. Data came from the number of children qualifying for free school meals for every secondary school in England in the years 1989-99. Overall, the relationship between levels of residential differentiation and school segregation was relatively strong. There was great variation in the significance of this relationship across LEAs. Schools were becoming more socially divided, mainly because of the socially divided nature of housing. (Contains 49 references, 13 figures, and 4 tables.) (SM)
Descriptors: Competition, Diversity (Student), Foreign Countries, Housing, Minority Groups, Place of Residence, Poverty, Residential Patterns, School Choice, School Segregation, Secondary Education, Socioeconomic Influences, Unemployment, Urban Areas
For full text: http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/socsi/markets.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council, Lancaster (England).
Authoring Institution: Cardiff Univ. (Wales). School of Social Sciences.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)