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ERIC Number: ED464192
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Extreme Poverty Rising, Existing Government Programs Could Do More. New Federalism: National Survey of America's Families, Series B, No. B-45. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Zedlewski, Sheila R.; Giannarelli, Linda; Morton, Joyce; Wheaton, Laura
This brief examines how decreased program participation has affected poverty since welfare reform, reviewing changes in poverty from 1996-1998 and comparing families' current economic status with a scenario that assumes full participation in government support programs. Data come from the 1997 and 1999 National Surveys of America's Families (NSAF) and the Urban Institute's Transfer Income Model, which corrects the NSAF's underreporting of government benefits, adds the value of food stamps and earned income tax credit imputes federal payroll and income taxes, and estimates annual out-of-pocket child care expenses. Results indicate that the government offers a stronger safety net than is delivered. In 1998, if all families with children participated in the post-reform government safety net programs for which they qualified, poverty would have declined by more than 20 percent, and extreme poverty by 70 percent. This decline provides a strong rationale for changing existing programs to provide family-friendly delivery systems and more standardized eligibility requirements. The results suggest that private and public sector efforts to increase program participation could reduce poverty and economic hardship. (SM)
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-261-5687; Fax: 202-429-0687; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families