ERIC Number: ED464181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Why Are Child Poverty Rates Higher in Britain Than in Germany? A Longitudinal Perspective. Working Paper.
Jenkins, Stephen P.; Schluter, Christian
This study analyzed why child poverty rates were so much higher in Great Britain than in Western Germany during the 1990s, focusing on why child poverty exit rates were lower and child poverty entry rates were higher in Great Britain. Researchers used a form of decomposition analysis comparing cross-nationally the prevalence of events that triggered poverty (changes in household composition, household labor market attachment, and labor earnings) and the chances of making a poverty transition conditional on experiencing a trigger event. Results found that the latter type of difference was the most important for both poverty exits and poverty entries. The findings reflected differences between the German and British welfare states, with the German one providing a greater cushion against adverse events and better reinforcement of positive events. Differences in the prevalence rates of trigger events also played a role. A notable example was the greater risk of job loss in Great Britain compared to Western Germany. (Contains 29 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Child Welfare, Cultural Differences, Family Income, Family Status, Family Structure, Foreign Countries, Poverty, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.iser.essex.ac.uk.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council, Lancaster (England).; Anglo-German Foundation for the Study of Industrial Society, London (England).
Authoring Institution: Essex Univ., Colchester (England). Inst. for Social and Economic Research.
Identifiers - Location: Germany; United Kingdom