ERIC Number: ED464169
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare Reform: What about the Children? Welfare, Children & Families: A Three-City Study. Policy Brief.
Chase-Lansdale, P. Lindsay; Coley, Rebekah Levine; Lohman, Brenda J.; Pittman, Laura D.
This policy brief describes children from "Welfare, Children and Families: A Three-City Study," using data from the first wave of the study which involved a random-sample survey of about 2,400 low-income children and their caregivers (mainly mothers) in low-income neighborhoods. Researchers collected information from mothers on their employment, income, family structure, welfare participation, mental health, and parenting. They also collected various measures of social development, problem behavior, and school performance for the children. Analyses of 1,885 low-income preschoolers and adolescents found that preschoolers and adolescents were more developmentally at risk than middle-class children in national samples. Adolescents whose mothers were on welfare in 1999 had lower levels of cognitive achievement and higher levels of behavioral and emotional problems than did adolescents whose mothers had left, or never been on, welfare. For preschoolers, mothers' current or recent welfare participation related to poor cognitive achievement. Preschoolers of the most recent welfare leavers had the most elevated levels of problem behavior. Preschoolers and adolescents in sanctioned families showed problematic cognitive and behavioral outcomes. Mothers' marital, education, mental health, and physical health status and parenting practices accounted for most of the welfare group differences. (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior Problems, Child Development, Child Welfare, Cognitive Development, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Parent Influence, Preschool Children, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Welfare, Children, and Families Study, Johns Hopkins University, 3003 North Charles Street/Annex, Suite 300, Baltimore, MD 21218-3855.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.; Woods Fund of Chicago, IL.; Texas Univ., Austin. Hogg Foundation for Mental Health.; Lloyd A. Fry Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; Boston Foundation, MA.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.; Social Security Administration (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Administration for Children and Families (DHHS), Washington, DC.; Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act