ERIC Number: ED463938
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul-31
Reference Count: N/A
Defining Best Practices in Boating, Fishing, and Stewardship Education: Challenges and Opportunities for Reaching Diverse Audiences.
Floyd, Myron F.
Minority groups encounter barriers to participation in boating and fishing and may not have equal access to these activities. Racial and ethnic influences on outdoor recreation participation are viewed from four theoretical perspectives. For each perspective, practices are presented that would remove or lessen socioeconomic barriers that constrain access. The marginality perspective holds that historical barriers in education and employment have negatively affected income available for recreation. Educational practices that help individuals surmount marginality factors include those that are offered for free or reduced cost and provide necessary equipment or transportation. The subcultural hypothesis states that cultural factors are more significant than socioeconomic constraints in explaining recreation participation among minority groups. Educational practices sensitive to cultural influences include managing for subsistence, supporting family participation, and employing diverse program staff. The key assumption associated with the assimilation perspective is that assimilation leads to similarity between majority and minority groups. Cultural assimilation is more important in predicting choices of activities, while primary group assimilation is more important in understanding site choices. Related practices include providing bilingual information and respecting differences in views of nature. Participation in recreation activities is affected by two types of discriminatory acts--interpersonal and institutional. Relevant practices include encouraging diversity of participants on-site, employing diverse staff, monitoring agency behavior, and promoting equal protection from environmental risks. Evaluation methods and research needs are discussed. (Contains 52 references.) (TD)
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Strategies, Equal Facilities, Evaluation Methods, Minority Groups, Outdoor Activities, Racial Discrimination, Recreational Activities, Research Needs, Socioeconomic Influences
For full text: http://www.rbff.org/educational/BPE7.pdf.
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A