ERIC Number: ED463936
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul-31
Reference Count: N/A
Elements of Effective Environmental Education Programs.
Athman, Julie A.; Monroe, Martha C.
Rather than being just the presentation of information, environmental education helps learners achieve environmental literacy, which has attitude and behavior components in addition to a knowledge component. This form of environmental education has its roots in nature study, conservation education, outdoor education, and the U.N. Tbilisi Declaration on the goals and principles of environmental education. Elements of effective environmental education programs: (1) are relevant to the mission of the agency or organization and to the educational objectives of the audience; (2) present ideas in ways that are relevant to learners; (3) involve stakeholders in all stages of the program; (4) empower learners with skills to address environmental issues and a sense of personal and civic responsibility; (5) are accurate and balanced, incorporating multiple perspectives and interdisciplinary aspects; (6) are instructionally sound, using "best practices" in education; and (7) are evaluated with appropriate tools. Important theories of learning, which can guide curriculum development and program planning, are Piaget's cognitive development theory, constructivism, multiple intelligences, and learning styles. Recommendations are offered for further research, discussion, and training related to the effects of environmental education on student learning and academic achievement and on environmental behavior change. (Contains 39 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Environmental Education, Learning Theories, Outdoor Education, Program Effectiveness
For full text: http://www.rbff.org/educational/BPE3.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A