ERIC Number: ED463929
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Towards Active Learning: A Case Study on Active Learning in a Small Rural School in Finland. Research [Report].
Kimonen, Eija; Nevalainen, Raimo
As part of an international comparative study of active learning in seven countries, a case study examined active learning practices of students and teachers in a small rural school in Finland. Small schools have traditionally existed in the sparsely populated Finnish countryside, and 60 percent of Finnish elementary schools have 1-3 teachers. Observation, document analysis, and interviews with teachers, students, and parents were conducted at a rural two-teacher school with 25 students in grades 1-6. The school began changing from a traditional to a more progressive school culture in the late 1980s. The transformation of the school's instructional goals and practices was promoted by constructivist conceptions of learning and by the new curriculum then emerging in Finland. Cooperation among members of the school community became more strongly emphasized. Students worked on projects in small mixed-age groups and cooperatively solved problems related to the task. During cooperation, students had an active role characterized by goal-oriented, self-assessment activity directed by metacognition. Students accessed information through various methods from sources inside and outside the school. The teacher, student, and parents evaluated student work. One teacher in the school sought to continuously develop himself, his teaching practices, and his teaching materials, and has been a change agent influencing school culture and other teachers. The teacher's active learning consisted of independent solving of everyday problems in school and of the active accessing of necessary knowledge and skills. (Contains 145 references and interview questions.) (SV)
Descriptors: Active Learning, Case Studies, Constructivism (Learning), Cooperative Learning, Educational Change, Educational Practices, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Multigraded Classes, Reflective Teaching, Rural Schools, School Community Relationship, Small Schools, Student Projects
University of Jyvaskyla, Dept. of Teacher Education, Kampus Kirja Bookshop, P.O. Box 377, Fin-40101 Jyvaskyla, Finland (17.50 Euros plus postage). E-mail: email@example.com.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Jyvaskyla Univ. (Finland). Dept. of Teacher Education.
Identifiers - Location: Finland