ERIC Number: ED463926
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Did Social Safety Net Scholarships Reduce Drop-Out Rates during the Indonesian Economic Crisis? Policy Research Working Paper.
Cameron, Lisa A.
This paper uses regression and matching techniques to evaluate Indonesia's Social Safety Net Scholarships Program. The program aimed to prevent large numbers of children from dropping out of school as a result of the Asian economic crisis of 1998. It was expected that families would find it difficult to keep their children in school and that dropout rates would be high, as they were during the recession of the 1980s. However, dropout rates did not increase markedly, and enrollment rates have remained relatively steady. This paper examines the role played by the scholarship program in producing this result. Data were drawn from a national household survey of 100 rural villages across Indonesia, conducted in 1994 and 5 times in 1997-99. The scholarships were found to have been effective in reducing dropouts at the lower secondary school level by about three percentage points but had no discernable impact at the primary and upper secondary school levels. Analyses also examined how well the program adhered to its documented targeting design and how effective this design was in reaching the poor. The targeting criteria appear to have been followed quite closely, but this did not prevent some households with higher reported per-capita expenditures from receiving the scholarship. (Contains 23 references and data tables and figures.) (Author/SV)
Descriptors: Business Cycles, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Rate, Economic Factors, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Foreign Countries, Poverty, Rural Schools, Rural Youth, Scholarships
For full text: http://econ.worldbank.org/view.php?topic=10&type=5&id=13160.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia