ERIC Number: ED463921
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Socio-Economic Review of Appalachia. Appalachia Then and Now: An Update of "The Realities of Deprivation" Reported to the President in 1964. Revised.
Isserman, Andrew M.
The 1964 Report of the President's Appalachian Regional Commission reinforced the popular image of Appalachia--low income, high poverty, limited education, poor living standards, job deficits, high unemployment, outmigration, stagnation, and decline. Current data indicate that conditions in Appalachia have improved greatly: the percentage of Appalachians in poverty declined; the percentage of adults who graduated high school jumped; housing units with complete plumbing, jobs per 100 people, numbers of jobs, and population increased. Appalachia has been catching up with the rest of the nation. Appalachian per capita income has reached 93 percent of the national level; Appalachian per capita income for nonmetropolitan areas is higher than that of the Southeast and Southwest regions of the United States; poverty rates are below Southeastern and Southwestern ones; employment growth is greater than in several U.S. regions; and Appalachia's population is growing faster than that of some other regions. However, the most rural, most isolated Appalachian counties have a lower per capita income and more people in poverty than such counties elsewhere. Central Appalachia has considerably higher poverty rates than the nation; Appalachia has lower educational attainment than the rest of the nation, especially in central Appalachia where only half of adults have graduated from high school; and Appalachia has fewer jobs per 100 people than the rest of the nation. Today fewer places in Appalachia fit the old images, but the realities of deprivation remain severe in parts of Appalachia. (TD)
Descriptors: Demography, Educational Attainment, Employment Patterns, High School Graduates, Living Standards, Low Income Counties, Poverty, Rural Areas, Rural Urban Differences, Unemployment, Urban Areas
For full text: http://www.arc.gov/research/pdf/then.pdf.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Appalachian Regional Commission, Washington, DC.