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ERIC Number: ED463871
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Attitudes toward Maternal Employment during Early Childhood and the Elementary School Years.
Gambone, Kirsten; Gelband, Amy; Farrell, Debi; Black, Aimee; Szuchyt, Jamie; Aivazian, Casey; Lang, Allison; Nyce, Susan; Johnson, Lisa; Thomas, Amy; Arena, Jordan; Weiner, Stacie; Zohe, Dorothoy; Cane, Susan; Chambliss, Catherine
Noting the lack of research into the effects of maternal employment on the cognitions of a young adult sample, this study examined the relationship between maternal employment and college students' beliefs about the consequences of maternal employment and their own plans for future workplace involvement. Participating in the study were 635 undergraduate college students. Subjects completed a packet of questionnaires, including the Beliefs about the Consequences of Maternal Employment for Children (BACMEC) Scale, and the Childhood Appraisal Scale designed to measure their perception of the consequences of their mother's work status; subjects also reported their mother's employment at each stage of their own development. Subjects were divided into two groups (early unemployed versus early employed) on the basis of maternal work status during their early childhood. Findings indicated that when males and females were assessed jointly, early maternal employment was significantly associated with perceptions of both the benefits and costs associated with maternal employment during their early childhood. Those whose mothers worked perceived greater benefits and fewer costs than those whose mothers had not worked during their early childhood. Males perceived fewer benefits and greater costs than females of maternal employment. (Contains 17 references.) (KB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A