ERIC Number: ED463869
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Out of School Care: A Brief Review of the Literature. SCRE Research Report.
Malcolm, Heather; Wilson, Valerie; Davidson, Julia
Noting the increasing use of out of school care (school-age care outside of normal school hours) in Scotland, this report reviews research on : care-focused provision and study support. Considered in the review were 33 reports referring to work in the United Kingdom, 3 referring to Scandinavian practice, and 1 report on U.S. research. The report examines what out-of-school care is, who provides it, who uses it, the benefits for children and their parents, and implications for Scottish education. The report notes that care-focused programs offer a wide range of play activities, while study support activities vary widely. The largest single provider of out-of-school child care were voluntary sector organizations. Out-of-school child care costs and staffing levels varied widely. Schools provided most of the study support programs and typically employed a project manager and staff from the schools involved, in addition to other teachers and non-school staff. Parents who used care-focused provision tended to work or study full- or part-time. Some study support programs were targeted for students with special needs. A major benefit of care-focused provision was that it enabled parents to enter or extend work or training. Evidence of benefits from study support programs was inconclusive, with many programs not evaluated and others manifesting problems of selection bias. Claims for benefits related mostly to personal and social development rather than to academic performance. A range of different services were provided across the European Union, with publicly-funded school-age child care rarely offered, except in Denmark and Sweden. The report concludes with acknowledgement that little is known about the quality of out-of-school child care and that additional research is needed. (Contains 51 references.) (KB)
Descriptors: After School Education, After School Programs, Children, Educational Policy, Elementary Education, Foreign Countries, Literature Reviews, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, School Age Day Care
SCRE, 61 Dublin Street, Edinburgh EH3 6NL, Scotland, United Kingdom. Tel: 0131-557-2944; Fax: 0131055609454; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.scre.ac.uk.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Scottish Executive Education Dept., Edinburgh.
Authoring Institution: Scottish Council for Research in Education, Edinburgh.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States