ERIC Number: ED463713
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Initiation Rites and Athletics: A National Survey of NCAA Sports Teams. Final Report.
Alfred Univ., NY.
Alfred University conducted a national survey of college athletes, coaches, and staff members at National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) institutions early in 1999 to determine the extent of hazing and initiation rites. A national random sample of 10,000 athletes was taken from a composite list of all athletes from 224 NCAA institutions that volunteered for the study. Response rates were 20 to 30%, and results for athletes are based on 2,027 respondents. Results suggest that more than a quarter of a million athletes experienced some form of hazing to join a college athletic team, and one in five was subjected to unacceptable and potentially illegal hazing, including being forced to participate in crimes. Half were required to participate in drinking or alcohol-related hazing, and two in five consumed alcohol on recruitment visits even before enrolling. Two-thirds were subjected to humiliating hazing. Only one in five participated exclusively in positive initiations, such as team trips or ropes courses. Men were more at risk of hazing than women, and hazing was more likely to occur in eastern or southern states with no anti-hazing laws. Such campuses were likely to be rural and residential, with Greek social systems. Athletes, coaches, athletic directors, and college administrators agreed on the need for clear anti-hazing policies and the necessity of communicating expectations for responsibility, integrity, and civility. It is suggested that team-building initiation rites be offered, facilitated by trained coaches or other adults. The first appendix contains some extended response survey replies. The second contains data tables, and the third discusses study methodology. (Contains 26 tables.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alfred Univ., NY.