ERIC Number: ED463564
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Sep
The Effects of Competition on Educational Outcomes: A Review of US Evidence. Occasional Paper.
Belfield, Clive R.; Levin, Henry M.
This paper systematically reviews the cross-sectional research evidence on the effects of competition on educational outcomes. Competition is typically measured using either the Herfindahl Index or the enrollment rate at an alternative choice (for example, private school). Outcomes are separated into those relating to academic test scores, graduation/attainment, expenditures/efficiency, teacher quality, wages, and house prices. The sampling strategy identified over 35 empirical studies testing the effects of competition. A sizable majority of these studies report beneficial effects of competition across all outcomes, with many reporting statistically significant coefficients. The effect size of an increase of competition by one standard deviation is also reported. These effect sizes suggest positive gains from competition that are modest in scope with respect to feasible changes in levels of competition. Finally, this review notes some methodological challenges in estimating competitive pressures, as well as cautions on the validity of inference from point estimates to public policy. (Contains 58 references and 6 tables.) (Author/RT)
Descriptors: Competition, Elementary Secondary Education, Outcomes of Education, Statistical Surveys
NCSPE, Box 181, Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 W 120th St., New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3259. For full text: http://www.ncspe.org.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education.