ERIC Number: ED463541
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr-3
Reference Count: N/A
Generative Learning Effect of the Story Impressions Preview Method on the Comprehension of Information from Narrative Text.
Denner, Peter R.; Rickards, John P.; Albanese, Andrew J.
A study assessed the extent to which a generative prereading activity known as Story Impressions (SI), which entails composing a guess from clues, influenced passage recall relative to a more passive prereading activity of reading a content preview (CP). Using 8th grade students, the results indicated the CP groups equaled the reading only control groups in recall of the major phrases of the narrative as well as other passage information. As expected, however, the SI groups significantly exceeded the CP groups and the control groups on both aspects of passage recall. It is argued the superiority of the Story Impressions method could be due to its having induced the three fundamental processes that constitute reading comprehension according to Gernsbacher's (1990) "Structure Building Model" and the concomitant "generative learning effect" (Wittrock, 1989) so produced. Appendixes include story impressions and content preview for the text passage "Luther Burbank." (Contains 47 references and 4 tables.) (Author/RS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Idaho State Univ., Pocatello.
Authoring Institution: N/A