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ERIC Number: ED463485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Changes in Attitudes toward Maternal Employment during the Past Decade.
Gambone, Kirsten; Arena, Jordan; Weiner, Stacie; Thomas, Amy; Johnson, Lisa; Nyce, Susan; Lang, Allison; Alvazian, Casey; Szuchyt, Jamie; Farrell, Debbi; Cane, Susan; Gelband, Amy; Zohe, Dorothy; Dous, Julie-Anne; Black, Aimee; Chambliss, Catherine
This study replicated an earlier study that examined the differences between attitudes toward maternal employment among young adult male and female respondents in 1990 and 2000. Responses of undergraduates were obtained in 1990 and 2000 on the Beliefs About the Consequences of Maternal Employment for Children (BACMEC) and author-devised items assessing attitudes toward family of origin and the young adults' own career and family plans. Subjects were grouped on the basis of the survey period in order to determine if attitudes had changed over time. Differences in the perceived costs and benefits associated with maternal employment between gender and cohort groups were explored. In addition, the relationship between the respondents' generational cohort and the current quality of their relationships with mothers and fathers were investigated. Between-groups t-tests revealed a significant difference on the BACMEC benefits scale and no statistically significant difference on the BACMEC Cost scale. No significant differences were found on measures of the current relationship between the participant and his or her mother and father. Additionally, no significant differences were found between the 1990 and 2000 groups on items assessing whether participants expect to marry, the age they expect to marry, and the number of children they expect to have. (Contains 32 references.) (Author/GCP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A