ERIC Number: ED463389
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Gaining Ground? Measuring the Impact of Welfare Reform on Welfare and Work. Civic Report.
O'Neill, June E.; Hill, M. Anne
This report is the first in a series documenting the actual results of welfare reform, examining changes in the welfare and work participation of single mothers. Data come from the annual March supplement to the U.S. Current Population Survey. Results find that the number of families on welfare declined by 50 percent between passage of welfare reform legislation in 1996 and the date for the most recent caseload statistics (September 2000). Most of the women heading these families had gone back to work. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) accounted for more than half of the decline in welfare participation and more than 60 percent of the rise in employment among single mothers. The booming economy of the late 1990s accounted for less than 20 percent of either change. Decline in welfare participation and employment gains were largest for groups of single mothers commonly considered the most disadvantaged (e.g., young mothers, mothers with young children, high school dropouts, never-married mothers, and black and Hispanic single mothers). TANF's beneficial effects extended even to the most disadvantaged portions of the welfare-eligible population. Figures and tables are appended. (Contains 19 endnotes, 13 figures, and 10 tables.) (SM)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Disadvantaged, Educational Attainment, Employment Level, Marital Status, Minority Groups, Mothers, One Parent Family, Racial Differences, Tables (Data), Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Center for Civic Innovation, Manhattan Institute, 53 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-599-7000; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.manhattan-institute.org.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Manhattan Inst., New York, NY. Center for Civic Innovation.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Aid to Families with Dependent Children; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families