ERIC Number: ED463378
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Rise and Fall of American Youth Violence: 1980 to 2000. Research Report.
Butts, Jeffrey; Travis, Jeremy
This report examines trends in violent crime from 1980-2000, analyzing what portion of the recent crime drop can be attributed to juveniles (under age 18 years) and young adults (ages 18-24 years). Data come from the Uniform Crime Reporting Program of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Results indicate that the decline in youth violence, as measured by arrests of young people age 24 years and younger, was steeper than the decline in violent crime among older age groups. While young people helped generate the growth in violence before 1994, they contributed an even more disproportionate share to the decline in violence after 1994. New policies to regulate access to firearms, the growth of community policing, criminal justice innovations, and a combination of other factors contributed to this drop in violent crime. Juveniles accounted for 33 percent of the overall decline in violent crime arrests between 1994-2000, young adults accounted for 25 percent of the decline, and adults accounted for 42 percent of the total decrease. Juveniles and young adults combined were responsible for 32 percent of the increase in violent crime arrests between 1980-1994, but they accounted for 58 percent of the subsequent drop in arrests between 1994-2000. Most of the recent decline in violent crime was due to falling rates of violent crime among the young, confounding predictions that the increase in juvenile violence in the 1980s and early 1990s would continue unabated. (SM)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC. Justice Policy Center.