ERIC Number: ED463183
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Modeling the Relationships of Classroom Characteristics and Student Attributes to Students' Science Achievement.
Yore, Larry D.; Anderson, John O.; Shymansky, James A.
This paper reports on a hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) investigation of the relationships among baseline science achievement of students in the Science Co-op Local Systemic Change project (grade 3, N=1,134; grade 6, N=1,482), students' attributes (gender, awareness of the nature of science, attitudes toward science, school science and science and technology careers), classroom teachers' characteristics (grade 3, N=98 and grade 6, N=78; students' perceptions of their use of students' ideas, discourse, and collaboration), and classroom factors (students' perceptions roles of the and value of text in classroom science lessons and of parent, home, and community involvement in classroom science programs). Student achievement was measured with multiple forms of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) released items. Student attributes, teacher characteristics, and classroom factors were assessed by the Students' Perception of Constructivist Classroom (SPOCC-2000) subscales. Separate multi-level analyses of the grade 3 and grade 6 data indicated the extent to which student achievement could be accounted for by student attributes, classroom teacher characteristics, and classroom environment. The relationships of students' gender, awareness, and attitudes with achievement were described. These relationships were investigated as to the extent to which teacher characteristics and classroom factors influenced the weightings of significant student attributes. Awareness of the nature of science significantly influenced science achievement, while attitude toward science, school science, and science and technology careers negatively influence science achievement. Significant gender influence was found for grade 6 students, but not for grade 3 students. Appended are: Grade 3 HLM Results for Multiple-Choice and Student-Generated Response Subscores and Grade 6 HLM Results for Multiple-Choice and Student-Generated Response Subscores. (Contains 22 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching (New Orleans, LA, April 7-10, 2002).