ERIC Number: ED463181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparative Study of Canadian and Taiwanese Grade 5 Children's Environmental Behaviors, Attitudes, Concerns, Emotional Dispositions, and Knowledge.
Huang, Hsin-Ping; Yore, Larry D.
This study explored the cultural influences on children's self-reported environmental actions, perceptions, and understandings; investigated the relationships among the behavioral, affective, cognitive, and demographic variables; and developed models of children's responsible environmental behavior (Huang, 2001). The cross-cultural comparison utilized a survey of Canadian and Taiwanese grade 5 children. English and Mandarin questionnaires developed with reasonable validity and reliability were used to collect data regarding children's environmental behaviors, attitudes, concerns, emotional dispositions, knowledge, and situational factors causing children's irresponsible behavior. Useable data collected from 278 grade 5 children from Victoria, Canada, and 483 grade 5 children from Kaohsiung, Taiwan, were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlations, and multiple regression analyses. The results revealed more similarities than differences between these Canadian and Taiwanese children. Television was the most popular source of environmental information for both groups of children. Canadian children had much more variety and frequency of participating in nature activities than Taiwanese children. Children from both countries expressed positive environmental behavior, positive attitudes toward the environment, high concern about the environmental problems, high emotional disposition toward current environmental situations, and moderate environmental knowledge. Gender and nature experience were the two influential demographic variables on children's environmental scores. The main reasons reported by these children for irresponsible behavior toward the environment were inconvenience and forgetfulness. The original model of children's responsible environmental behavior did not fully reflect these Canadian and Taiwanese data; therefore, alternative models were developed. Affective variables are stronger influences on children's responsible environmental behavior than the cognitive variable for children in both countries. (Contains 128 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Taiwan