ERIC Number: ED462747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Private Schooling and Earnings: A Review of the Evidence for the US and the UK. Occasional Paper.
Brown, Celia; Belfield, Clive R.
Despite the strategic importance of the private-school sector to education policy reform, and a general belief in the superiority of private schools, there is very little evidence on the relative effects of such schooling in comparison with public schools. This paper reviews the current evidence in the United States and United Kingdom on the relationship between private-school attendance and earnings. The effects of private schooling on future earning are important for the equity and efficiency of education systems, arguably more so than any effects on test scores. Yet, the review uncovers only 4 studies of this relationship for the United States, and 11 studies for the United Kingdom. They show a reasonably robust correlation between higher earnings and private schooling, but a summary explanation of the private-school earnings premium cannot be easily identified. The available evidence varies across estimation techniques, and probably fails to include the full set of direct and indirect effects of private schooling on earnings. However, the rate of return to investment in private schooling in comparison with public schooling is calculated from simulations of the earnings premium. This rate of return, which includes the direct and indirect effects of private schooling, is modest, at around 3 percent for the United States and 5 percent for the United Kingdom. (Contains 40 references.) (Author/RT)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Private Schools, Public Schools, Salaries, Statistical Surveys
For full text: http://www.ncspe.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education.
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United States