ERIC Number: ED462661
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
A Study of Teachers' Referrals to the School Counselor.
Jackson, Shelley A.
This study examined cross-cultural differences in European American teachers' explanations for the causes of school problems among African American, European American, and Hispanic American 5- to 11-year-olds. Responses to open-ended questions were analyzed using an attribution theory framework. For European American children, teachers tended to use situational explanation of problems (57.1%). In comparison, for African American and Hispanic American children, teachers tended to use personal explanation of youth problems (64.8%). There were a wide variety of explanations within these broad categories. The results indicate that teachers tend to blame European American youth problems on other persons and the environment (situational factors), whereas teachers tend to blame African American and Hispanic American youth problems on the individual (dispositional factors). The findings suggest that an increased understanding of the cultural diversity in teachers' perceptions of youth problems is important to discussions about student discipline and their possible applications. Implications for future research directions are discussed. (Contains 23 references.) (Author/JDM)
Descriptors: Attribution Theory, Black Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Pluralism, Diversity (Student), Elementary School Students, Elementary Schools, Environmental Influences, Hispanic American Students, Personality Traits, Referral, Student Problems, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Teacher Surveys
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, WA, April 10-14, 2001).