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ERIC Number: ED462605
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-1-74096-029-7
The Impact of Lifelong Learning on Vocational Education and Training in Sweden.
Lindell, Mats; Abrahamsson, Kenneth
In Sweden, initial vocational education (IVT) is financed by public money and is designed to provide basic skills and general qualifications to perform certain functions in an occupation. Continuing vocational training (CVT) is provided primarily by public school institutions, private enterprises, and training companies, trade unions, and employer associations and is subject to negotiations and local solutions between stakeholders. Adult schooling traditions in Sweden emanate from the mid-19th century, and traditions for improving popular literacy can be traced to the late 18th century. The early 1990s were characterized by increasing recognition of the need for recurrent education. The model of recurrent education has since been replaced by the broader concept of lifelong learning. In the interests of developing a comprehensive system for promoting lifelong learning, radical changes were instituted in Sweden's systems of IVT and CVT in the 1990s. The most profound change in IVT was the institution of apprenticeship-like programs that combined special subjects from various programs to create specially designed programs reflecting demand from local enterprises. The reforms within CVT included development of the following programs: a pilot project on advanced vocational education; the Adult Education Initiative; and individual learning accounts. Lifelong learning has become an integrated component of Swedish educational policies. (Contains 27 references.) (MN)
National Centre for Vocational Education Research, 252 Kensington Road, Leabrook, South Australia 5068, Australia (Cat no. 744: $27.50 Australian). Tel: 08 8333 8400; Fax: 08 8331 9211; e-mail:; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Australian National Training Authority, Melbourne.
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Sweden