ERIC Number: ED462545
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Knowing Laughter: What Do Clown-Doctors Know and How Do They Learn To Do What They Do? NALL Working Paper.
A research project was conducted to determine how and what clown-doctors know on entry to the profession and how and what they learn both formally and informally in a hospital environment; the linkages between informal and formal learning in clown-doctor training and practice in Canada; and "best practices." Information was gathered through personal research (continuing), interviews with clowns and training personnel in Winnipeg, Vancouver, and Toronto; a conference in Europe; roundtable discussions; and informal discussions by telephone and e-mail. The research found that the current clown programs in Canadian hospitals, dating to 1986, take two major approaches: (1) clowns who wear circus-style costumes and make-up work as part of the child life program at a single hospital, work alone, are non-verbal, bring props and toys, do not use music, and play within a "small" and quiet way; and (2) clowns who usually wear a white coat, red nose, and minimal make-up, have unique personalities and names, work in pairs, are not hospital employees or work in several hospitals, and use sound, language, and music. The study found that all 10 clowns currently working in Canada have wide educational backgrounds and have had both formal and informal training that has helped prepare them for their work as clown-doctors. Most of their additional professional development occurs through informal interaction with other clowns, with healthcare staff, and with patients and family members. The study concluded that while all the Canadian clowns are professional and useful in their fields, there is an urgent need to examine, design, and develop appropriate professional development and inservice training models and modules for clown-doctors. (KC)
Descriptors: Allied Health Personnel, Developed Nations, Educational Needs, Foreign Countries, Hospitals, Humor, Informal Education, Job Training, Nonformal Education, Occupational Information, Postsecondary Education, Professional Development
For full text: http://www.oise.utoronto.ca/depts/sese/csew/nall/res/43knowinglau ghter.htm.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: Ontario Inst. for Studies in Education, Toronto. New Approaches to Lifelong Learning.
Identifiers - Location: Canada