ERIC Number: ED462500
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Youth, Guns, and the Juvenile Justice System. Research Report.
Butts, Jeffrey; Coggeshall, Mark; Gouvis, Caterina; Mears, Daniel; Travis, Jeremy; Waul, Michelle; White, Ruth
This report documents trends in youth gun violence and the response within the justice system, noting the growing variety of data resources available to investigate the effect of new gun laws on youth, communities, and public safety. The first section reviews recent trends, examining the major wave of gun violence in the United States during the past 20 years. This section highlights changes in the juvenile justice system, increases in violent crime during the 1980s and 1990s, decreases in violent crime during the mid-to-late 1990s, juvenile versus youth crime, and assessment of reforms. The second section discusses research strategies and information sources, explaining that laws simply restricting access to firearms by certain designated groups while allowing others relatively unencumbered access to firearms appear unlikely to reduce gun crime. Gun laws based on a deterrence model have shown some evidence of success, but their impact depends greatly upon the quality and consistency of their implementation. This section also discusses legislation and policy (limitations on access, offender sanctions, extra-legal measures, and critical questions). It describes promising programs and interventions and existing data sources (law enforcement data, court data, survey data, and firearm injury and tracing data). (Contains 42 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Delinquency, Federal Government, Federal Legislation, Guns, Juvenile Justice, Public Policy, State Government, State Legislation, Violence, Youth Problems
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-728-0232. For full text: http://www.urban.org/pdfs/410417_youth_guns.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC. Justice Policy Center.