ERIC Number: ED462496
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
The Scope and Impact of Welfare Reform's Immigrant Provisions. Discussion Papers. Assessing the New Federalism: An Urban Institute Program To Assess Changing Social Policies.
Fix, Michael; Passel, Jeffrey
This paper discusses the background and character of changes introduced by the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), examining post enactment responses by Congress, the states, and the courts. It explores the impact of the law on benefit use among immigrants, highlighting changes in usage among different immigrant groups and factors related to these changes, such as naturalization and rising incomes. For immigrants, the law set out a comprehensive scheme for determining immigrant eligibility for a wide range of social benefits provided by governments at all levels. Data from the 1995 through 2000 Current Population Survey indicated that PRWORA reduced immigrants' overall use of all major public benefits, and decreases in use were greater for non-citizens than citizens. Low-income immigrant families with children had lower use rates for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and food stamps than did their low-income citizen counterparts. Low-income, working age non-citizens had substantially larger declines in Medicaid use than their citizen counterparts. Declines in immigrants' use of benefits were evident nationwide. The declining benefit use was not accounted for by increased naturalizations or rising incomes within immigrant families. (Contains 23 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Family Income, Health Insurance, Immigrants, Low Income Groups, Refugees, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW. 5th Floor, Washington, DC 20037. Tel: 202-833-7200; Fax: 202-728-0232. For full text: http://newfederalism.urban.org/pdf/discussion02-03.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Menlo Park, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Los Altos, CA.; John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; McKnight Foundation, Minneapolis, MN.; Commonwealth Fund, New York, NY.; Weingart Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.; Fund for New Jersey, East Orange.; Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, Milwaukee, WI.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.; Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act