ERIC Number: ED462495
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Feb-12
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Increasing Welfare Mothers' Education on Their Young Children's Academic Problems and School Readiness. JCPR Working Paper.
Magnuson, Katherine A.; McGroder, Sharon M.
This study investigated the effect of welfare mothers' educational attainment on their young children's academic outcomes and school readiness. Data came from the National Evaluation of Welfare to Work Strategies Child Outcomes Study. Welfare recipients with young children residing in three cities were randomly assigned to participate in either an education-first program or a work-first program. A control group received no additional programming. Data were collected on client characteristics, prior welfare receipt, past educational attainment, current educational activities, employment history, and demographics. Mothers completed surveys about their attitudes toward work and welfare, barriers to employment, and mental health. At baseline, mothers' math and reading skills were assessed. Approximately 2 years after assignment, a follow-up survey collected information on participants' education and employment experiences. Mothers answered questions about their children's problems in school. The Bracken Basic Concepts Scale/School Readiness Composite was administered to a focal child in each family. Researchers used experimentally induced differences in mothers' education to estimate Instrumental Variable (IV) models. Increases in maternal education significantly and positively associated with children's academic school readiness and negatively associated with children's academic problems. The IV models produced larger, although less precise, estimates than conventional regression. It is recommended that policymakers consider a variety of ways to increase maternal education in combination with employment. (Contains 28 references.) (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.