ERIC Number: ED462468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr-27
Reference Count: N/A
School Choice vs. School Choice. Policy Backgrounder.
Goodman, John C.; Moore, Matt
This paper recommends replacing the existing U.S. school choice system, which relies on the housing market to ration educational opportunity, with one that creates a level playing field upon which schools compete for students, and students and their parents exercise choice. Section 1 describes the current school choice system, which works well for middle- and upper-income families but fails low-income families. Section 2 examines whether failing schools are to blame, discussing whether the fault lies with the students or the lack of resources at low-performing schools. Section 3 discusses choice outside the housing market, noting various models in use: public school choice, privately and publicly funded vouchers, and tax credits and deductions. Section 4 examines the effects on student performance of school choice, noting that nationwide evidence supports the contention that allowing parents to choose their school improves children's test scores, especially for African American students. Section 5 discusses the effects on public schools of school choice, examining whether choice programs cream the best students, what happens to the test scores of students who remain in public schools, and the effects of choice on public school finance. Section 6 discusses the effects of choice on racial integration. Section 7 examines the effects of choice on teacher pay. (Contains 69 endnotes.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Finance, Educational Vouchers, Elementary Secondary Education, Private Schools, Public Schools, Racial Integration, School Choice, Tax Credits, Teacher Salaries
For full text: http://www.ncpa.org/pub/bg/bg155/bg155.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Policy Analysis, Dallas, TX.