ERIC Number: ED462459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Dec
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Era of Devolution: A Persistent Challenge to Welfare Reform. JCPR Working Paper.
The legacy of racial and ethnic disparities in the United States seeds new concerns in the current era of devolution. As state policymakers receive greater discretion and flexibility in how they implement federally funded social programs, the socioeconomic divide between Whites and minorities is growing. The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act has been the key catalyst for devolution of authority and responsibility to the state level, though it has posed challenges to the ability of minority communities to achieve self-sufficiency and self-determination as they confront shrinking state budgets, poor economies, and diminishing social supports. This paper reports on findings from research on racial and ethnic disparities that not only considers disparities arising from historical inequalities in the socioeconomic status between Whites and minorities, but focuses specifically on program disparities, or those imbalances deriving from the implementation of state and local level interpretations of the Federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. The paper also discusses the gaps that still remain in racial and ethnic disparities research, outlines key considerations for reauthorization of federal welfare legislation, and examines strategies for expanding research and debate on this issue. (Contains 179 footnotes.) (SM)
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Minority Groups, Racial Differences, Social Bias, Socioeconomic Status, State Aid, State Government, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Welfare Services
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunities Reconciliation Act; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families