ERIC Number: ED462458
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Nov-19
Reference Count: N/A
Does Work Have an Impact on Depressive Symptoms and Parenting among Low-Income Mothers of Head Start Preschoolers? JCPR Working Paper.
Raver, C. Cybele
This study examined whether low-wage work would affect low-income, Head Start-enrolled mothers' psychological well-being and parenting style over time. Respondents were low-income, rural and urban mothers participating in a study on parenting and child development. In 1996-97 and 1998-99, mothers completed interviews on demographics, depressive symptoms, expression of negative emotions, and parenting style. Researchers collected data on mothers' employment entry, exits, and length of participation; stressfulness of the most recent job; stressful life events; and use of coercive versus firm parenting. Most respondents worked outside the home in various service, clerical, manufacturing, and entry-level health care jobs. One half were working when their children enrolled, and two-thirds were working 2 years later. The study did not find that work involvement impacted mothers' depressive symptoms and use of angry and coercive parenting. Mothers who worked longer hours, more months of the year did not have lower financial strain than mothers who worked less. Lower prestige, more stressful jobs had a significant negative impact on mothers' mental health and provision of optimal parenting over time. One-third of mothers reported clinical levels of depressive symptoms upon enrollment. Depressive symptoms decreased over time. (Contains 57 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Blacks, Depression (Psychology), Employment Level, Low Income Groups, Mothers, Parenting Skills, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Wages, Work Environment
For full text: http://www.jcpr.org/wp/wpdownload.cfm?pdflink=wpfiles/raver.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Grant (W.T.) Foundation, New York, NY.; National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; McCormick Tribune Foundation, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: Joint Center for Poverty Research, IL.