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ERIC Number: ED462401
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Philosophy of Testing and Measurement.
Ediger, Marlow
This paper considers several philosophies as they relate to student assessment. Realists believe that one can know the real world as it truly is. As a philosophy of testing and measurement, realism is characterized by behaviorally stated objectives, measurement-driven instruction, and report cards, along with the use of programmed materials. Realism emphasizes that measurable results from students can be obtained to show precisely how well a student is achieving. Existentialists believe that each person should learn to make choices from the alternatives available in society. As a philosophy of education, existentialism does not advocate predetermined objectives for student achievement or testing to determine achievement. Individual motivation is central, and feelings are recognized as the most important part of the human condition. Experimentalists believe that one cannot know ultimate reality, but one can experience it. Experimentalists believe in integrating school and society. Students should be assessed for their problem-solving ability, and evaluation consists of using relevant sources of information to solve a problem and to test hypotheses. Idealists believe in a subject-centered curriculum, and idealism emphasizes a coherence theory in testing. Students should be able to use reason and logic effectively and to honor eternal values. Perennialism is a philosophy directly related to idealism that calls for a curriculum based on the "Great Books of the Western World" (one of the greatest publishing ventures of the 20th century, a reference work consisting of 60 volumes with 517 works by 130 authors spanning 30 centuries, produced by Encyclopaedia Britannica), with a standardized curriculum that regards childhood and youth as obstacles to be overcome through education. (SLD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A