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ERIC Number: ED462359
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Civil Rights Act and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The Constitution Community: Contemporary United States (1968 to the Present).
Simmons, Linda
In 1964, Congress passed Public Law 82-352. This civil rights act forbade hiring, promoting, and firing discrimination based on sex or race. Title VII of the act created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to implement the law. Subsequent legislation expanded the role of the EEOC. Today, the EEOC enforces laws that prohibit discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or age in hiring, promoting, firing, setting wages, testing, training, apprenticeship, and all other terms and conditions of employment. Working with state and local programs, the EEOC processes 48,000 claims annually. This lesson relates to the Preamble, to Article I, which establishes the president's power to issue executive orders; to Article III, which establishes the jurisdiction of the courts; and to the 14th Amendment which guarantees equal protection of the laws. As the primary source document, the lesson uses the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (pages 1-8.) The lesson correlates to the National History Standards and to the National Standards for Civics and Government. It provides historical background about the act and an overview of the debate about the term "affirmative action" (with two resources). It suggests diverse teaching activities for classroom implementation, including document analysis, research and discuss, design and construct a poll, and a research and jigsaw activity. The document is appended. (BT)
National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20408. Tel: 866-325-7208 (Toll Free); e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Civil Rights Act 1964; Fourteenth Amendment; United States Constitution