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ERIC Number: ED462354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Memorandum of a Conference with President Eisenhower after Sputnik. The Constitution Community: Postwar United States (1945 to Early 1970s).
Traill, David
After World War II ended in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union (USSR) emerged as the two dominant countries in the post-war world. An arms race began, and this constant pursuit for respect and supremacy was called the Cold War. On October 4, 1957, the USSR launched the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile, with the first artificial earth satellite, Sputnik, aboard. Politicians and citizens reacted in shock, demanding increases in military and science education spending. This lesson relates to providing for the common defense as stated in the Preamble and to Article II, Section 2, Paragraph 1, of the U.S. Constitution, in which the president is charged to serve as commander-in-chief of the nation's military forces. The primary source document is a conference memorandum from the meeting of President Eisenhower and his advisors just after the launching of Sputnik. It correlates to the National History Standards and to the National Standards for Civics and Government. The lesson provides historical background about the Cold War and Sputnik (with two resources); and suggests diverse teaching activities for classroom implementation, including document analysis, a writing activity, oral history, creating a timeline, a research assignment and essay, and class discussion. Appended is the document. (BT)
National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20408. Tel: 866-325-7208 (Toll Free); e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: USSR