ERIC Number: ED462348
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
FDR's Fireside Chat on the Purposes and Foundations of the Recovery Program. The Constitution Community: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945).
Clark, Linda Darus
When Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected U.S. President in 1932, it was with the promise to restore U.S. confidence and to bring the country out of the Great Depression. After his election, Roosevelt formulated his New Deal policies to bring about relief from economic hardships. He created the National Recovery Administration (NRA) which had two purposes: (1) to stabilize business with codes of "fair" competitive practice, and (2) to generate more purchasing power by providing jobs, defining labor standards, and raising wages. The topic of this lesson's featured document, "Fireside Chat on the Purposes and Foundations of the Recovery Program," is the NRA. Although this radio message of July 1933 addressed some of the problems and issues of the Great Depression, it also focused on what industry, employers, and workers could do to bring about economic recovery. The lesson relates to the presidential powers in Article II, Section 3, to recommend to Congress, for their consideration, such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient. It also relates to Article I, Section 8, which grants Congress the power to make all laws necessary and proper for executing all other powers vested by the Constitution. The lesson uses two other primary sources: (1) a poster supporting the NRA and (2) a photograph of a woman hanging an NRA poster. It correlates to the National History Standards and to the National Standards for Civics and Government. It offers the historical background about Roosevelt's administration (with three resources); and suggests diverse teaching activities for classroom implementation, including brainstorming, document analysis and discussion, photograph and poster analysis, and compare and contrast. Appended are the written document analysis worksheet, poster and photograph analysis worksheets, and the primary source documents. (BT)
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Presidents of the United States, Primary Sources, Secondary Education, Social Studies, Teacher Developed Materials, United States History, World War II
National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20408. Tel: 866-325-7208 (Toll Free); e-mail: email@example.com. For full text: http://www.nara.gov/education/cc/main.html.
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Authoring Institution: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: United States Constitution