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ERIC Number: ED462344
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Sioux Treaty of 1868. The Constitution Community: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861).
Clark, Linda Darus
From the 1860s through the 1870s the U.S. frontier saw many Indian wars and skirmishes. A study and report on the conditions of the Indian tribes, released in 1867, led to an act to establish an Indian Peace Commission to end the wars and prevent future Indian conflicts. In the spring of 1868 a conference was held at Fort Laramie (Wyoming) that resulted in a treaty with the Sioux. This treaty was to bring peace between the settlers and the Sioux who agreed to locate on the Black Hills reservation in the Dakota Territory. This lesson studies the Sioux Treaty and examines the power granted to the President and the Senate in Article II, Section 2, Clause 2, of the U.S. Constitution, the power to make treaties with foreign nations. The lesson correlates to the National History Standards and to the National Standards for Civics and Government. It furnishes four primary source documents: (1) the Sioux Treaty of 1868; (2) a photograph of Spotted Tail, a Sioux chief; (3) Alfred Terry's telegram account of the Battle of Little Bighorn; and (4) a letter giving a Sioux account of Custer's defeat at the Battle of Little Bighorn. The lesson provides the historical background for the treaty signing and lists four books for further reading. It outlines ten diverse teaching activities, including brainstorming, student research, document analysis, role playing, creative writing, and research and analysis. (Contains a written document analysis worksheet and a photograph analysis worksheet.) (BT)
National Archives and Records Administration, 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, DC 20408. Tel: 866-325-7208 (Toll Free); e-mail: For full text:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: United States Constitution