ERIC Number: ED462234
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Reference Count: N/A
Language Planning in a Trans-National Speech Community.
Language revitalization efforts in Garifuna communities are complicated by their dispersion in Central America, St. Vincent, and the United States. Garifuna language and culture originated on the Caribbean island of St. Vincent, with the mixing of African and Arawakan languages. After the British conquered the island, they relocated thousands of Garifuna to islands off Honduras. From there, Garifuna people moved to the Honduran mainland, Belize, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. Since the 1950s, many Garifuna people have moved to the United States, establishing sizeable communities in Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles. Language revitalization efforts vary widely across Garifuna communities, depending on the extent of language shift. Exposure of Garifuna communities to various other languages--Spanish, English, Belize Creole, and American Indian languages--affects sensibilities towards orthography and complicates efforts to create a working standardized Garifuna orthography. Simply arranging a forum in which to have meaningful policy discussions can be a major political and logistic challenge. The potential to organize and plan language revitalization projects was greatly increased by the formation of a pan-Central American organization for Black and Black-Indigenous peoples and the creation of a Garifuna Web site and listserv. The development of a Garifuna language policy statement and plan is described, and strategies are suggested for their dissemination and implementation. (SV)
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Educational Strategies, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Language Maintenance, Language Planning, Latin Americans
For full text: http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jar/ILAC/.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A