PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED462219
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998-Aug
Kativik School Board Initiated Research: The Basis for Informed Decision Making = Recherches a l'Initiative de la Commission Scolaire Kativik: Pour des Decisions Eclairees = [Inuttitut Version].
Taylor, Donald M.; Wright, Stephen C.
Presented in Inuttitut, French, and English, this report summarizes research initiated by the Kativik School Board, which oversees education in Nunavik (northern Quebec). Four studies examined the current status of Inuttitut in Nunavik, the intellectual ability of Inuit students, and the effects of bilingual education on Inuit students' self-esteem and language proficiency. Community surveys showed that Inuttitut (also called Inuktitut or Inupiaq) was the strongest language for Inuit people. However, English was the dominant language, serving as a lingua franca for anglophones, francophones, and Inuit, and Inuttitut was showing signs of language shift with diminishing fluency in younger speakers. Inuit respondents strongly supported the school's role in protecting and propagating Inuttitut. In a second study, K-2 Inuit students had higher scores than U.S. and Canadian samples on the Raven Progressive Matrices, confirming the intellectual potential of Inuit students. Two other studies compared Inuit students enrolled in Inuttitut, English, or French immersion programs in grades K-2. The Inuttitut conversational skills of all children developed somewhat over the 3 years, but only the children in the Inuttitut immersion program showed strong gains in Inuttitut academic language proficiency. Self-esteem increased during the kindergarten year for children in the Inuttitut program, but not those in second-language programs. Also, children in the Inuttitut program had a more positive view of Inuit children as a group. (Contains 46 references.) (SV)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Canada Natives, Community Attitudes, English, Eskimos, Foreign Countries, French, Immersion Programs, Intelligence, Inupiaq, Language Maintenance, Language Proficiency, Language Usage, Multilingualism, Primary Education, Self Esteem
For full text: http://www.kativik.qc.ca/downloads/KSBIR_e.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Multilingual/Bilingual Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kativik School Board, Montreal (Quebec).
Identifiers - Location: Canada