ERIC Number: ED462098
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1999-Feb
Tribal Colleges: An Introduction.
American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Alexandria, VA.
Tribal Colleges were created over the last 30 years in response to the higher education needs of American Indians, and to serve geographically isolated populations that have no other means of accessing education beyond the high school level. Tribal colleges combine personal attention with cultural relevance in order to encourage American Indians to overcome barriers to higher education. The reservations on which most tribal colleges are located face unemployment rates of up to 70%. In addition, only 65% of American Indians and Alaskan natives over 25 were high school graduates in 1990, compared with 75% of the total U.S. population. Tribal colleges receive little or no funding from state governments; however, the federal government has set them apart from mainstream institutions and is committed to providing funding. Tribal colleges depend on funds distributed through the tribally controlled College or University Assistance Act of 1978 (TCCUAA). Title I authorizes funding of up to $6,000 per Indian student, but the current funding is only $2,964 per student. Title III funding is authorized at $10 million but has never exceeded $1 million. To make up for these shortfalls, most tribal colleges charge fees that are high, given the poverty levels of the communities they serve. (Contains 30 references.) (NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Indian Higher Education Consortium, Alexandria, VA.
Note: "A product of the Tribal College Research and Database Initiative, a collaborative effort between the American Indian Higher Education Consortium and the American Indian College Fund."