ERIC Number: ED461947
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Understanding the Impact of Organizational Differentiation in High-Poverty Schools with Alternative Models of Title I Service Delivery.
Meyer, Stephen J.
American public schools historically have used a range of differentiating mechanisms to meet the needs of diverse groups of students. Examples from Title I service delivery include pullout, in-class, add-on, and replacement programs. These models have elements that differentiate the educational experience of Title I students to varying degrees and in different ways. Research was done to explore the nature of Title I organization differentiation; relationships between organization differentiation and educational opportunity, classroom social/educational environment, and student psychological status; and the relationship between organizational differentiation and student achievement. Statistical results on a sample population of 12,012 students nationwide in grades 1, 3, and 7 for the 1992-93 school year revealed substantial uncertainty about organizational differentiation and its effects on student learning opportunities. There is lack of compelling evidence about the effectiveness of Title I programs and little consensus about which Title I program models hold the most promise for improving student achievement. Title I pullout programming was generally associated with reduced learning opportunities. There were inconsistent relationships between organizational differentiation and student psychological status and classroom environment ratings. The lack of evidence for the effectiveness of particular Title I programs and instructional models underlines the importance of continued research in this area. (RT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.; National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Authoring Institution: RMC Research Corp., Denver, CO.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I