ERIC Number: ED461915
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Schools within Schools. ERIC Digest.
McAndrews, Tobin; Anderson, Wendell
Schools within schools are large public schools that have been divided into smaller autonomous subunits to create a sense of community and cohesiveness among students and staff. This digest discusses the benefits, drawbacks, varieties, and sources of funding for schools within schools. Designers of these schools seek the advantages of both large and small schools by placing students into small learning communities while using the resources of the larger existing facilities. Benefits include higher test scores relative to larger schools; enhancement of students' self-perceptions, both socially and academically; higher attendance and lower dropout rates; fewer discipline problems; and greater cost effectiveness. Possible drawbacks include emphasizing the sense of belonging over academic rigor, loss of teacher seniority if they are transferred between schools, and possible reduction in funding for equipment. School-within-school types are vertical-house plans, ninth-grade house plans, at-risk schools, career academies and clusters, special curriculum models, newcomer schools, parent-participation plans, advisory systems, and charter schools. Administrators must assess the need for and the purpose of their plan before committing resources for school restructuring. Some funding organizations are the Annenberg Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trust, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education's Smaller Learning Communities program. (Contains 12 references.) (RT)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Attendance, Charter Schools, Class Size, Cost Effectiveness, Dropout Rate, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, House Plan, Nontraditional Education, Public Schools, School Effectiveness, Small Schools
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 5207 University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403-5207. Tel: 800-438-8841 (Toll Free); Fax: 541-346-2334; Web site: http://eric.uoregon.edu; For full text: http://eric.uoregon.edu/publications/digests/index.html.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.