ERIC Number: ED461774
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Reference Count: N/A
Anxiety, Depression, Hostility and General Psychopathology: An Arabian Study.
Ibrahim, Abdel-Sattar; Ibrahim, Radwa M.
In Arabian cultures, the psychosocial characteristics of psychopathological trends, including depression, anxiety, and hostility remain largely unknown. Scales measuring depression, anxiety, and hostility were administered to a voluntary sample of 989 Saudi Arabian men and 1,024 Saudi women coming from different social, economical, and educational backgrounds. The principal aims of this study were to: (1) compare Saudi men's psychopathological mean scores with mean scores in their female peers; (2) examine the interactions among psychopathological scores in both male and female groups; and (3) compare psychopathological scores among several subgroups in male and female groups. By using the Hotelling Principal Component Factor Analysis, only one unrotatable factor, identified as general Psychopathology, was extracted in each group. Although women scored generally higher than men, the differences were not significant. The pattern of group differences, within each group separately, was of more value than gender differences. In both groups, increased scores on depression, anxiety, hostility, and general psychopathology were reported for adolescents. Working women and homemakers obtained lower scores. Hostility was less pathological among females. Results are also discussed in relation to the theory of interaction between social roles and exposure to stressful life events. (Contains 4 tables and 27 references.) (Author/JDM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Saudi Arabia