ERIC Number: ED461760
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Nov
Is Work Enough? The Experiences of Current and Former Welfare Mothers Who Work.
Polit, Denise F.; Widom, Rebecca; Edin, Kathryn; Bowie, Stan; London, Andrew S.; Scott, Ellen K.; Valenzuela, Abel
The Project on Devolution and Urban Change studied the effects of welfare reform in the counties encompassing the following cities: Cleveland, Ohio; Los Angeles, California; Miami, Florida; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In May 1995, the 3,900 women in the sample were receiving public assistance and living in high-poverty neighborhoods. After 3-4 years, the women were interviewed about their recent employment experiences. Three-fourths of the women had worked in the past 2 years, and about half were working at the time of the interview. Although many of the current and former welfare recipients achieved high employment stability, most were in jobs with low earnings, and most could not lift their families out of poverty without other sources of income. Only half the women had health insurance, and most of the women and their families faced multiple material hardships, including food insecurity, housing problems, and unmet health care needs. Nearly all those who worked faced barriers to employment. The data provided evidence that government policies aimed at addressing the needs of the working poor have fallen short of their goals. (Nineteen tables/figures/boxes are included. Key measures by site are appended along with information on employment status and stability in the urban change survey sample. The bibliography contains 44 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Economic Status, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Ethnography, Family Financial Resources, Health Needs, Housing Needs, Interviews, Labor Turnover, Mothers, Occupational Mobility, Participant Characteristics, Poverty, Promotion (Occupational), Public Policy, Tenure, Urban Areas, Vocational Followup, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Reform, Work Experience, Working Poor
Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, 16 East 34 Street, New York, New York 10016. Tel: 212-532-3200; Web site: http://www.mdrc.org. For full text: http://www.mdrc.org/Reports2001/UC-IsWorkEnough/IsWorkEnough.pdf.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Baltimore, MD.; Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.; Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.; Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC.; Pew Charitable Trusts, Philadelphia, PA.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.; Ambrose Monell Foundation, New York, NY.; Grable Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; New York Times Co., NY.; Open Society Inst., New York, NY.; George Gund Foundation, Cleveland, OH.; James G. Irvine Foundation, San Francisco, CA.; Joyce Foundation, Chicago, IL.; Alcoa Foundation, Pittsburgh, PA.; Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., St. Louis, MO.; Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Princeton, NJ.; Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, New York, NY.; John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Miami, FL.; Cleveland Foundation, OH.; Council of Higher Education Management Associations, Washington, DC.; California Wellness Foundation.
Authoring Institution: Manpower Demonstration Research Corp., New York, NY.
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles); Florida (Miami); Ohio (Cleveland); Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)