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ERIC Number: ED461733
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2000
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1437-8574
Changing Labour Markets and Early Career Outcomes: Labour Market Entry in Europe over the Past Decade. Working Papers = Arbeitspapiere.
Gangl, Markus
An empirical analysis used data for 12 European countries from the 1988-1997 European Community Labour Force Survey to assess the effects of cyclical changes in aggregate economic conditions, changing youth cohort sizes, increasing educational expansion, and structural changes in labor demand on new labor force participants. Emphasis was on the unemployment risks and occupational allocations of these labor market entrants. The study found that unemployment risks have closely followed the evolution of aggregate economic conditions with only a little impact from demographic factors. Changes in occupational allocation, in turn, are much dependent on the relative evolution of educational expansion and professionalization tendencies. In addition, these trends do not affect all educational leavers evenly. The lowest qualified are most heavily affected by cyclical changes in economic conditions, while leavers from university-level education have been more strongly affected by trends of changing occupational attainment. Increasing labor force professionalization is found to contribute to increasing labor market difficulties among the lowest qualified. (Contains 83 references.) (KC)
Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung (MZES), D-68131 Mannheim, Germany (5 German Marks). Fax: 49 621 181 2866; e-mail:; Web site: For full text:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Commission of the European Communities, Brussels (Belgium).
Authoring Institution: Mannheim Univ. (Germany). Mannheimer Zentrum fur Europaische Sozialforschung.