ERIC Number: ED461710
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Vouchers for Private Schooling in Colombia: Evidence from a Randomized Natural Experiment. NBER Working Paper Series.
Angrist, Joshua D.; Bettinger, Eric; Bloom, Erik; King, Elizabeth; Kremer, Michael
This paper examines the impact of Colombia's Programa de Ampliacion de Cobertura de la Educacion Secundaria (PACES), which provided over 125,000 poor students with private secondary school vouchers, many of which were awarded by lottery. Researchers surveyed lottery winners and losers to compare educational and other outcomes. Results showed no significant enrollment differences between winners and losers 3 years after application, with most students in both groups still in school. Lottery winners were 15 percentage points more likely to attend private than public schools. They had completed an additional .1 years of school and were 10 percentage points more likely to have completed 8th grade, primarily because they repeated fewer grades. Winners scored .2 standard deviations higher on standardized tests. PACES did not affect dropout rates significantly. Lottery winners were less likely to be married and cohabiting and worked about 1.2 fewer hours per week than losers. They increased their educational expenditure by about 70 percent of the value of the voucher. The voucher program increased annual government educational expenditure by $24 per winner, but costs were probably much less than increases in the winners' earnings due to greater educational attainment. (Contains 10 tables and 43 references.) (SM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Attainment, Educational Vouchers, Expenditure per Student, Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Poverty, Private Schools, School Choice, Secondary Education
Working Papers, NBER, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398 ($10). Tel: 617-868-3900; Fax: 617-868-2742. For full text: http://www.nber.org.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers - Location: Colombia