ERIC Number: ED461694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
What Helps Students Learn? Spotlight on Student Success.
Wang, Margaret C.; Haertel, Geneva D.; Walberg, Herbert J.
A knowledge base on influences on student learning is emerging from a study that analyzed the contents of 179 handbook chapters and reviews, compiled 91 research syntheses, and surveyed 61 educational researchers. This analysis presents results of the research by using a 28-category conceptual framework based on models of schooling that influenced learning. To better indicate the influences that were important, the 28 categories are grouped into 6 broad types of influences: (1) student characteristics; (2) classroom instruction and climate; (3) home, peer, and community context; (4) program design; (5) school organization; and (6) state and district characteristics. All 28 categories are listed, and an average score is been derived for each to indicate its importance. In general, direct influences were found to have a greater impact on learning than indirect influences. Direct influences include such things as the amount of time a teacher spends on a topic and the quality of the interactions teachers have with students. Indirect influences included policies adopted by a school, district, or state, and organizational features such as site-based management. (SLD)
Descriptors: Community Characteristics, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Characteristics, Influences, Institutional Characteristics, Learning, Performance Factors, Program Descriptions, School Based Management, Student Characteristics, Synthesis, Teaching Methods
Laboratory for Student Success, 1301 Cecil B. Moore Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19122-6901. Tel: 800-892-5550 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Atlantic Lab. for Student Success, Philadelphia, PA.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Adapted from M. C. Wang, G. D. Haertel, and H. J. Walberg, "Synthesis of Research: What Helps Students Learn?," Educational Leadership, December 1993/January 1994, 74-79.